https://jawaban.live , Artwork that is applied in the necessities of life as an application is called
Applied Arts is a work of art that is used in everyday life because it contains a certain functional value in addition to its artistic value.
This type of art is not usually used as a display or home decoration. However, it is mostly used as a tool to meet the needs of life.
Models of applied art include traditional houses, batik used as clothing, tables, chairs, traditional weapons, traditional means of transportation, etc.
Definition of Applied Arts
Applied art is a work of art that can not only be seen in its beauty, but can also be used in everyday life.
What is meant here is that this type of art is designed for functional purposes, namely to meet physical and psychological (psychological) needs.
The form is in the form of objects that can be used or objects for human needs.
The definition of applied art is different from the notion of pure art. The difference is the function.
This work of art can be used as a tool for daily needs while pure art is only used as a decoration or display. ‘
Applied arts’ consists of 3 words: art, visual, and applied. The definition of art is very difficult to explain and also difficult to judge because each individual has their own artistic point of view.
The definition of ad interim fine art is a branch of art that forms works of art with media that can be caught by the eye and felt by touch or tangible art.
The meaning of applied is ‘used’ So, the meaning of applied is literally an art object that is tangible and also used.
Also read: Types of Art
History of Applied Arts
Historically, especially in Indonesia, this type of art has developed since prehistoric times. Where when the ancestors of the Indonesian nation began to use stone and bone axes for hunting.
Then its development developed rapidly along with the discovery of metal smelting techniques to make various weapons and jewelry. They have also started decorating their weapons to make them look prettier. In addition to weapons and jewelry, equipment that is also made using metal smelting techniques are nekara, moko, vessels, etc.
Meaning of Applied Artwork
Works of applied art are also called works of applied art, namely works of art that have been applied or applied to functional forms. What do these functional forms include?
All forms that are made with the aim of meeting the needs of human life are called functional forms. The form can be in the form of jewelry, clothing, household furniture, tableware, performance equipment, or worship equipment.
Types of Applied Arts
There are many types of applied arts, including the following: Building art or architecture in the form of land buildings, residential areas, offices, places of worship, and others. Decoration art. That is art that is often used in decorating a Puncak-media.coman.
Illustrated art is a picture or photo used to explain a script/text, for example an image in a reading book for elementary students. The function of the image as an explanation of the reading so that the contents of the reading are easily understood by the reader.
Illustrations can be found everywhere, such as in textbooks, short stories, and advertisements. Applied crafts. That is a work of art that serves a practical purpose. Applied graphic art/visual communication design is a work of art that functions as a communication medium.
Applied Artwork Division
To make it easier to understand and understand applied art, applied art is divided into several similar categories according to their function, form, and type of form.
Division by Function
Works of applied art have two functions as follows. Fulfillment of practical needs (usability), namely works whose main function is as disposable objects, as well as having ornamental value. For example, household furniture, such as tables and chairs, cabinets, and textiles.
Fulfillment of needs that are aesthetic (beauty), namely functions that are solely as decorative objects. For example, batik or weaving made specifically for wall decoration and handicraft items to decorate Puncak-media.coman, such as masks, statues, and flower vases.
Division by Shape
Based on the physical form can be classified into two, namely as follows.
Two-dimensional (dwimatra) works of art that have length and width and can only be seen from one direction. For example wayang kulit, weaving, and batik.
Three-dimensional works of art (trimatra) Three-dimensional works, namely works of art that can be seen from all directions and have volume (Puncak-media.com). For example, houses of procedures, traditional weapons such as rencong and swords, and statues.
Division by Shape
Artworks in Indonesia are very diverse with various types, forms, functions, and manufacturing techniques. Here we divide them into four categories: House Ways Traditional Weapons Traditional Transport Tools Arts Crafts
Applied Art Model
Borobudur Temple Architecture
There are still many other architectural works of art in Indonesia which are thick with nuances of layout and art. Similar to the procedure house and in the worship area. Architecture Artwork in Indonesia is so diverse and has many types, from the past to the modern, maybe we can distinguish the architecture of the past, modern, or traditional. One of them is the Borobudur Temple which is still thick with philosophy and history.
A poster or placard is a work of art or graphic design that contains an arrangement of pictures and letters on large paper. Its application is affixed to a wall or other flat surface with the strongest possible eye-catching properties. That’s why posters are usually made with contrasting and strong colors. Posters can be a means of advertising, education, propaganda, and decoration. In addition, it can also be in the form of copies of famous works of art.
Ceramic originally comes from the Greek ceramicos which is a form of clay that has undergone a burning process. Dictionaries and encyclopedias of the 1950s defined ceramics as the art and technology of producing baked clay items, such as pottery, tiles, porcelain, and so on. But nowadays not all ceramics come from clay. The latest definition of ceramic includes all solid non-metallic and inorganic materials. (Yusuf, 1998:2).
Clothing/Apparel Procedure Clothing
Javanese ordinance clothes are usually called kejawen clothes which have symbols or parables, especially for Javanese people who usually wear them. Kejawen clothing is full of piwulang sinandhi, rich in implied teachings related to Javanese philosophy.
This teaching in kejawen clothes is a teaching to do everything in this world in harmony, which is related to daily activities, both in relation to fellow human beings, with oneself, and with the Almighty. The Bali ad interim dress code uses kamen, kebaya, udeng, sarong, etc.
Balinese ceremonial clothes are used during ceremonial ceremonies, there is a prayer process, Purnama, Tilem, and in some official events in Bali. The hallmark of traditional Indonesian clothing is the use of batik. Batik is a way of making clothes using wax. Batik is also a UNESCO heritage.
Also read: Bamboo Puppet Craft Art from Bogor
Applied Arts Crafts in Indonesia
In essence, art is divided into two, namely pure and applied. Pure art works are works of art that are created to fulfill the artist’s inner satisfaction and have no practical purpose.
Applied works of art are works of art that are created to meet the daily needs of humans. However, with the diversity of tribes and cultures, there are many ways to work in the form of pure art or art of use. As for the areas in the archipelago that
produce works of applied art, including:
- Many batik crafts are found in the craftsmen of Solo, Yogya, Pekalongan, Madura.
- Ceramics is located in Kasongan craftsman’s place, Yogyakarta. Webbing is found in craftsmen’s premises almost all over the archipelago.
- Ikat weaving can be found in the craftsmen of Sumba, Sumbawa, Flores, Jepara
- Wood carving crafts are often found in craftsmen from Jepara, Bali, Asmat (Papua)
- Many silver crafts are found in craftsmen’s premises in Kota Gede, Yogyakarta.
- Brass crafts are often found in the craftsman’s place of Juwana, Central Java.
- Stone carvings are found in the craftsmen of Muntilan, Magelang, and Bali.
- This leather craft is located in the Cibaduyut craftsman’s place, Tunggulangin, Surabaya.
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